European Molecular Biology Laboratory
EMBL was set up in order to promote molecular biology across Europe, and to create a centre of excellence for Europe's leading young molecular biologists. To accomplish this, EMBL has pursued five major missions: Basic Research in Molecular Biology Research at EMBL is focussing on a central strategic goal: the fundamental understanding of basic biological processes in model organisms. In the first decades after the EMBL was established, molecular biology was a reductionist science consisting of many sub-disciplines. Today, in the post-genomic era, we need to study and understand biological phenomena and systems in their full complexity, in terms of the sequence and functions of the genomes of organisms. This requires a commitment to interdisciplinary collaborative research and critical mass in a variety of disciplines. Over the last decade EMBL has been preparing itself for this challenge and is well positioned to meet it. It is recognised for excellence in structural biology, biochemistry, developmental biology, cell biology, and computational biology. Through its past and current Scientific Programmes, EMBL has developed an integrative, interdisciplinary structure that is ideally suited to tackle the challenge that lies ahead for the Life Sciences: understanding complex biological systems. Technology and Instrumentation Instrument and technology development have a long history at EMBL. Some of the first experiments carried out in the Laboratory involved the adaptation of radiation from a synchrotron source for use with biological material. Today, virtually all X-ray crystallography utilizes synchrotron radiation. Other areas of instrument development include DNA sequencing, cell fractionation, light and electron microscopy methods, mass spectrometry of proteins, X-ray imaging plates, synchrotron beam-lines and automated cell micro injectors. An area of prolific current activity is in the development of software and databases for the life sciences. Facilities and Services The most widely used services provided by EMBL are the various biological databases constructed, organized and run by the European Bioinformatics Institute in Hinxton. Many million different users consult these databases each year, seeking information on anything from DNA sequences, protein structures, gene expression profiles, human genetic polymorphism or even comparative analyses of entire genomes. At two of its sites, Hamburg and Grenoble, EMBL provides access to world-leading sources of X-ray and neutron radiation, to hundreds of users from the structural biology community per year. As technologies allow biologists to follow molecular events inside cells, or even organisms, in real time, the Advanced Light Microscopy Facility (ALMF) of EMBL in Heidelberg is the centre of a series of nodes throughout Europe, to which biologists can come to both learn about and use the most appropriate current technique to approach their specific experimental problem. Other, smaller facilities include those devoted to mass spectrometry, microarray technologies, electron microscopy, DNA sequencing and protein production. Teaching and Training The multifaceted training programme of EMBL is world-renowned and makes the Laboratory a true meeting place for biologists in Europe, "a place for the young" in Kendrew's phrase. It includes: The degree-granting EMBL International PhD Programme Training of postdoctoral fellows in an interdisciplinary and international setting Mentoring of young faculty as they establish their first independent group Training of external visitors through research collaborations, use of facilities, as well as through practical courses and conferences In addition to these intramural teaching and training activities, EMBL, often in collaboration with its sister organisation EMBO, organises multiple training courses, workshops and symposia every year. No other European research centre is as involved in such activities. Although the majority of these events are aimed at life scientists, a significant and growing fraction has a wider audience. Courses for science teachers, seminars and the Science and Society Programme complement EMBL's extramural teaching activities in the purely scientific arena. Technology Transfer EMBL is actively engaged in developing its discoveries to benefit society. EMBL Enterprise Management Technology Transfer GmbH (EMBLEM) is an affiliate and the commercial arm of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory. EMBLEM, established in 1999, identifies, protects and commercialises the intellectual property developed in the EMBL-world, from EMBL-alumni and from third parties. EMBLEM facilitates and accelerates the transfer of innovative technology from basic research to industry by working closely with industrial partners spanning the pharmaceutical, biotech, ITC and mechanical/electrical engineering markets to develop new diagnostics, drugs, therapies, machines and devices.